Warning of tuberculosis

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through the use of ICTs

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Summary

The TB Research Unit of the IMT-AvH is developing a community engagement program in order to improve knowledge about TB and research conducted by UPCH in the district of SJL.

 

Location

South America, Peru

-9.189967, -75.015152

Project in depth

Focus areas

Healthcare Category: Health

IT and communication Category: ICT

Detailed information

The Peru National TB Program is a close strategic partner of the Institute of Medicine Tropical Alexander von Humboldt (IMTAvH; Institute). In addition to this close relationship for clinical care and research, two members of the Institute, ), are members of the National TB Program expert review board, (Dr. Gotuzzo for MDR-TB and Dr. Seas for TB. The National TB Program must approve studies prior to their initiation. The Institute has been conducting studies and providing clinical care in San Juan de Lurigancho for more than 5 years, and a good relationship has been established. Health Center personnel recognize the Institute’s study team as reliable partners.

Current status

Target group:
The Peru National TB Program is a close strategic partner of the Institute of Medicine Tropical Alexander von Humboldt (IMTAvH; Institute). In addition to this close relationship for clinical care and research, two members of the Institute, ), are members of the National TB Program expert review board, (Dr. Gotuzzo for MDR-TB and Dr. Seas for TB. The National TB Program must approve studies prior to their initiation.

Project description:
Peru has a population of 28.7 million, living in an area of 1,285,215 km2. At present, 71% of the people live in urbanised areas. The 1998 National Household Survey estimated that 37.3% of the population live in poverty, while extreme poverty affects 15.6% of the population. High levels of poverty are especially widespread among indigenous populations, which are estimated to account for approximately one third of the population.

According to WHO more than 2 billion people-one third of the world's population, are infected with TB bacilli. In Peru,every year about 33 000 new cases of tuberculosis are reported: a disease caused by the Koch bacillus and related to poverty, unemployment and overcrowding in households, malnutrition, alcoholism and drug addiction favors its spread. It is a social disease. Tuberculosis is predominantly a public health problem in developing countries. (Kiefer E 2009).

The TB Research Unit of the IMT-AvH is developing a community engagement program in order to improve knowledge about TB and research conducted by UPCH in the district of SJL.

Goals and objectives:
The project's objective is to contribute to the research tools of artificial intelligence and computer vision applied in the early warning of infectious diseases of high prevalence, which in turn can be used as tools to support the training of health personnel who are not expert . Of all the diseases Tuberculosis is chosen as a test case for testing in a real-world scenario. If successful, the future goal will be to extend the proposed approach to other countries and diseases whose early warning and diagnosis is based on image analysis. Various entities in different countries and continents collaborate in the design and subsequent field testing of the proposed system. This system is based on the acquisition, analysis and feature extraction of digital images associated with the samples (sputum) taken in the health centers. The process is based on the identification and counting of bacilli in the fields of observation associated with the images taken. The process will be based on the method of diagnosis to date recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Opportunities:
Community health programs currently exist within Health Programs in Peru that address diseases like tuberculosis, diarrhoeal infections, immunizations and upper respiratory infections. Community health programs are centered on a health promoter, who is a member of the community, and usually a leader of local organizations (e.g. mother’s clubs or nutritional organizations like the“cup of milk”program). The main role of the promoter is to interact with community leaders outside the health centers to coordinate the activities of these centers:

• Increase the knowledge of TB in the community
• Increase the knowledge of research in the community
• Increase knowledge about research conducted by UPCH in the district
• Promote community participation in the control of TB transmission.

We expect that the community leaders trained, will transmit the information to their communities.

The project's objective is to contribute to the research tools of artificial intelligence and computer vision applied in the early warning of infectious diseases of high prevalence, which in turn can be used as tools to support the training of health personnel who are not expert. Of all the diseases Tuberculosis is chosen as a test case for testing in a real-world scenario.

Goals

  • Training

• Special measures will be due to adopt to connect to the young people in rural regions, considering that the fast advances in the matter of wireless technology have done possible to surpass to a reasonable cost the physical obstacles that represented the distance and the topography, and that during long time limited the development of the infrastructure of the telecommunications in the rural regions.
• It essentially tries to conform human networks, with the support of the ICT that motivate and harness, in a dynamic and systematic form, the interaction between the people, who fortify the generation, dissemination and exchange of information and knowledge based on the professional objectives, institutional and social in each context in individual
• It is indispensable to generate the bases for the establishment of strategic alliances between the public institutions and participant organizations of civil society with a view to the implementation of joint initiatives or to the collaboration in concrete actions in strategies for the prevention of TB in the region doing use of the ICT.
• We expect that the community leaders trained, will transmit the information to their communities. Activities to supervise and facilitate these activities within the community are not an objective of our program for this year and would be included in objectives of millennium.
• The Expert System is in Spanish/English.

Related to this project


Nothing related.

Active

Funding

Raised: € 38,000

Fully funded

See funding details ►

Latest updates

01-Jun-2012

ICT Tools for Early Diagnosis Support (TB) - TEDS

For the capitalization of the results and the...

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Project partners

Fundación CTIC
Gijón, Spain


GKP Foundation
Gijón, Spain


IMTAvH
Lima, Peru


Akvo Ref: 344